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VOLUME 91 | ISSUE 6 | PAGE 279
Towards a solution of the cosmological constant problem
F. R. Klinkhamer#, G. E. Volovik *+ 1)
#Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76128 Karlsruhe, Germany
* Low Temperature Laboratory, Aalto University, FI-00076 AALTO, Finland
+ Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics RAS, 119334 Moscow, Russia

The standard model of elementary particle physics and the theory of general relativity can be extended by the introduction of a vacuum variable which is responsible for the near vanishing of the present cosmological constant (vacuum energy density). The explicit realization of this vacuum variable can be via a three-form gauge field, an aether-type velocity field, or any other field appropriate for the description of the equilibrium state corresponding to the Lorentz-invariant quantum vacuum. The extended theory has, without fine-tuning, a Minkowski-type solution of the field equations with spacetime-independent fields and provides, therefore, a possible solution of the main cosmological constant problem.

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