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VOLUME 102 | ISSUE 7 | PAGE 511
Magnon spectrum in ferromagnets with a skyrmion
The analysis of the spin wave excitations in two-dimensional isotropic Heisenberg ferromagnet is performed with a single skyrmion in the ground state. We employ the ideas of semiclassical quantization method, duly modified for the use of the lattice model and Maleyev-Dyson boson representation of spin operators. The resulting Schrödinger equation for magnons describes the dispersion and wave functions of spin-wave excitations with strictly non-negative spectrum. In contrast to usual ferromagnet, we demonstrate the existence of three zero modes, corresponding to conformal symmetries spontaneously violated by the skyrmion configuration.