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VOLUME 103 (2016) | ISSUE 10 | PAGE 732
The decay of counterflow turbulence in superfluid 4He
The letter summarizes recent experiments on thermal counterflow turbulence in superfluid 4He, emphasizing the observation of turbulence in the normal fluid and its effect on the decay process when the heat flux is turned off. We argue that what is observed as turbulence in the normal fluid is a novel form of coupled turbulence in the superfluid and normal components, with injection of energy on the scales of both the (large) channel width and the (small) spacing between quantized vortices. Although an understanding of this coupled turbulence remains challenging, a theory of its decay is developed which accounts for the experimental observations.