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VOLUME 111 | ISSUE 4 | PAGE 242
Bilayer, hydrogenated and fluorinated graphene: QED vs SU(2) QCD theory
Motivated by recent experimental and calculational investigations of bilayer, hydrogenated and fluorinated graphene, we apply the formalisms of U(1) QED (quantum electrodynamics) and SU(2) QCD (quantum chromodynamics) theories of strongly correlated state. Unlike non-bipartite triangular lattice, on bipartite honeycomb lattice there always exists a monopole that transforms trivially under all the microscopic symmetries, destabilizing the Dirac spin liquid (DSL), so that one can continuously tune the DSL state to the state with parent SU(2) instead of U(1) gauge group. The SU(2) theory describes a spin-liquid state which is different from usual DSL and is probably unstable with respect to Neel or valence-bond solid (VBS) phases, except for the quantum critical point. This point of view means a possibility of VBS states in graphene systems.