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VOLUME 114 | ISSUE 1 | PAGE 3
Effect of the parameterization of the distribution functions on the longitudinal structure function at small x
Abstract
I use a direct method to extract the longitudinal structure function in the next-to-leading order approximation with respect to the number of active flavor from the parametrization of parton distributions. The contribution of charm and bottom quarks corresponding to the gluon distributions (i.e., Gnf=3(x,Q2) and Gnf=5(x,Q2)) is considered. I compare the obtained longitudinal structure function at nf=4 with the H1 data [Eur. Phys. J. C 74, 2814 (2014) and Eur. Phys. J. C 71, 1579 (2011)] and the result L. P. Kaptari et al. [Phys. Rev. D 99, 096019 (2019)] which is based on the Mellin transforms. These calculations compared with the results from CT18 [Phys. Rev. D 103, 014013 (2021)] parametrization model. The nonlinear effects on the gluon distribution improve the behavior of the longitudinal structure function in comparison with the H1 data and CT18 at low values of Q2.