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VOLUME 81 | ISSUE 11 | PAGE 683
Merging gauge coupling constants without Grand Unification
F. R. Klinkhamer*, G. E. Volovik+ 1)
*Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Karlsruhe (TH), 76128 Karlsruhe, Germany
+Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, FIN-02015 HUT, Finland
+L. D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics RAS, 119334 Moscow, Russia

PACS: 11.10.Hi, 12.10.Kt, 12.60.Re, 67.90.+z, 71.10.-w
The merging of the running couplings constants of the weak, strong, and electromagnetic fields does not require the unification of these gauge fields at high energy. It can, in fact, be the property of a general fermionic system in which gauge bosons are not fundamental.

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