Invariant spin coherent states and the theory of quantum antiferromagnet in a paramagnetic phase

Belinicher V.I., da Providencia J.

PACS: 75.50.Ee, 74.20.Mn

**A consistent theory of the Heisenberg quantum antiferromagnet in the disordered phase with short range antiferromagnetic order was developed on the basis of the path integral for the spin coherent states. We have presented the Lagrangian of the theory in a form which is explicitly invariant under rotations and have found natural variables in the term of which one can construct a perturbation theory. The short wave spin fluctuations are similar to the spin wave theory ones, and the long wave spin fluctuations are governed by the nonlinear sigma model. We have also demonstrated that the short wave spin fluctuations have to be considered accurately in the framework of the discrete version in time of the path integral. In the framework of our approach we have obtained the response function for the spin fluctuations for the whole region of the frequency ***ω *and the wave vector k and have calculated the free energy of the system.